Citation. Boykin v. Ala., 395 U.S. 238, 89 S. Ct. 1709, 23 L. Ed. 2d 274, 1969 U.S. LEXIS 1434 (U.S. June 2, 1969)
Brief Fact Summary. Defendant was sentenced to death after pleading guilty to a series of robberies.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. “[T]he record must show, or there must be an allegation and evidence which show, that an accused was offered counsel but intelligently and understandingly”ť pleaded guilty.
Defendant Boykin was African-American charged with common-law robbery, which carried a death sentence in Alabama. He was appointed counsel and pleaded guilty. Under Alabama law, the jury still provided a sentence of death. Issue.
Whether “the record must show, or there must be an allegation and evidence must show, that an accused”ť made a voluntary guilty plea.