To access this feature, please Log In or Register for your Casebriefs Account.

Add to Library




Boykin v. Alabama

Law Students: Don’t know your Bloomberg Law login? Register here

Brief Fact Summary. Defendant was sentenced to death after pleading guilty to a series of robberies.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. “[T]he record must show, or there must be an allegation and evidence which show, that an accused was offered counsel but intelligently and understandingly” pleaded guilty.

Points of Law - Legal Principles in this Case for Law Students.

In federal cases, Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure governs the duty of the trial judge before accepting a guilty plea.

View Full Point of Law
Facts. Defendant Boykin was African-American charged with common-law robbery, which carried a death sentence in Alabama. He was appointed counsel and pleaded guilty. Under Alabama law, the jury still provided a sentence of death.

Issue. Whether “the record must show, or there must be an allegation and evidence must show, that an accused” made a voluntary guilty plea.

Held. Yes. The Supreme Court of the United States held that a guilty plea is “more than a confession” and so the standards of “reliable determination on the voluntariness [sic] issue which satisfies the constitutional rights of the defendant” applied to a guilty plea as well. Because several rights were “involved in a waiver that takes place when a plea of guilty is entered in a state criminal trial,” the Supreme Court could not “presume a waiver of these.

Create New Group

Casebriefs is concerned with your security, please complete the following