Brief Fact Summary. Plaintiff company, Water, Waste & Land, Inc., brought this action to collect from Defendant individuals, Donald Lanham and Larry Clark, for work performed by Plaintiff. Defendants claimed that they could not be held personally liable as agents of a limited Liability Corporation (LLC).
Synopsis of Rule of Law. State statutes providing constructive notice to third parties when an LLC has been incorporated do not extend to agency law.
The language contained in brackets should be included in the complicity jury instruction only in those cases where two or more persons, possibly including the defendant, together committed the essential elements of the underlying crime.View Full Point of Law
Issue. The issue is whether state statutes providing constructive notice of LLC’s to third parties were intended to cover agency law claims wherein the agents never fully disclosed the principle to the outside party.
Held. The court reversed the district court and reinstated the findings for Plaintiff. The LLC statutes never intended on being read so broadly as to absolve agents from deceptively withholding the existence or name of the principle. Common law agency principles still apply regardless of the statute. Colorado’s agency law holds agents responsible when they do not fully disclose the principle, and the notation of “P.I.I.” on Defendants’ business cards does not fully disclose the principle.
Discussion. The court’s decision upholds public policy.