5. The zingbird is a rare species of quail found only in the state of Capricorn. Because its flesh is tasty, it was hunted nearly to extinction until thirty years ago. At that time, the state of Capricorn instituted conservation and game management programs designed to preserve the zingbird. These programs included the establishment of zingbird breeding preserves, the employment of ornithologists to study zingbird habits, the passage of laws restricting the hunting of zingbirds, and the employment of game wardens to enforce those laws. The expense of maintaining the programs was financed in part by the sale of hunting licenses. A recent statute passed by the Capricorn state legislature fixes the fee for a hunting license at $10 per year for Capricorn residents, and $20 per year for non-residents. Gunn, a hunter who resides outside the state of Capricorn, was arrested in Capricorn and prosecuted for hunting without a license in violation of the statute. He defended by asserting that the statute is unconstitutional because the hunting license fee for non-residents is higher than for residents.
Which of the following correctly identifies the clause or clauses of the United States Constitution violated by the Capricorn hunting license statute?
I. The Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV.
II. The Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
(A) I only.
(B) II only.
(C) I and II.
(D) Neither I nor II.