Brief Fact Summary. An Indianapolis ordinance’s definition of pornography was held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) because it discriminated based on the content of the speech.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Any restriction on speech that discriminates on the ground of the content of the speech is unconstitutional.
The Court sometimes balances the value of speech against the costs of its restriction, but it does this by category of speech and not by the content of particular works.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Whether Indianapolis’s ordinance definition of pornography is constitutional?
Held. No. Judgment of the lower court affirmed. The ordinance discriminates on the ground of the content of the speech. Speech treating women in the approved way, in sexual encounters “premised on equality,” is lawful no matter how explicit. Speech treating women in the disapproved way, as submissive in sexual matters or enjoying humiliation, is unlawful no matter how significant the literary, artistic or political qualities of the work taken as a whole. Under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution), the government must leave to the people the evaluation of ideas. This ordinance is thought patrol. It establishes an “approved” view of women, of how they must react to sexual encounters and how the sexes may relate to each other. This speech is protected no matter how insidious. Therefore, Indianapolis’s ordinance definition of pornography is not constitutional.
Discussion. Where a restriction of speech is overbroad, sweeping in protected speech as well as unprotected speech, it will be held unconstitutional.