Brief Fact Summary. Banco de la Provincia, (Plaintiff) seeks declaratory judgment that on April 1995 it had the right to set-off against the funds in Banco Feigin’s account with Plaintiff and that this right was superior to any right BayBank Boston N.A., (Defendant) may have had as the bank maintaining an account of Banco Feigin to which Banco Feigin had requested its funds sent. Plaintiff moves for summary judgment.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A bank may not exercise bad faith or abuse its discretion in deciding whether to accept or reject payment orders.
Plaintiff is a bank incorporated in the Republic of Argentina. Plaintiff extended a loan of $250,000 to Banco Feigin S.A., an Argentine bank and disbursed the funds into Banco Feigin’s account with Plaintiff. In March of 1995 the Central Bank of Argentina commenced an Intervention, an inquiry into the solvency of a bank, and ultimately revoked Banco Feigin’s authorization to operate as a bank under Argentine law. In light of these circumstances, Plaintiff placed an administrative freeze on Banco Feigin’s account. At the time the account consisted solely of proceeds from Plaintiff’s loan in the amount of $245,529.55. Banco Feigin requested a wire transfer of these funds to its account with Defendant intending to use the funds to satisfy debts owed to Defendant. Plaintiff received the request but did not accept the payment order or transfer the funds because of the freeze on Banco Feigin’s account and Plaintiff’s then existing right of set-off resulting from the Intervention.
Whether Plaintiff properly rejected the payment order under U.C.C. 4-A-209.
Whether Defendant can sustain a cause of action for conversion.
Yes. Plaintiff’s rejection of the payment order was reasonable.
No. Defendant’s conversion claim fails because it had no ownership interest in the funds and Plaintiff did not intend to deprive Defendant of the property.
Discussion. Points of Law - for Law School Success
Conversion is defined under New York law as any act of dominion wrongfully exerted over another's personal property in denial of or inconsistent with his rights therein. View Full Point of Law
Plaintiff’s rejection was neither an abuse of discretion nor bad in bad faith. At the time the Central Bank of Argentina had suspended Banco Feigin’s banking activities as part of an Intervention. Moreover, Banco Feigin’s debt to Plaintiff exceeded the balance in the account. Under those circumstances, it was not unreasonable for Plaintiff to refuse to wire the entire balance of the account to Defendant.
Defendant cannot sustain a conversion claim. Defendant failed to prove it had an ownership interest or an immediate superior right of possession to the funds. Therefore it has not established the element of ownership. Also, Plaintiff had no intent do deprive Defendant of the funds. The transfer was to Defendant as the beneficiary’s bank. Lastly, there is no precedent allowing the intended beneficiary of a funds transfer to recover from a receiving bank. Any claim Defendant has is against Banco Feigin, not Plaintiff.