Brief Fact Summary. Aleo International, Ltd., (Plaintiff), brought this suit against Citibank, N.A., (Defendant) after Citibank failed to stop an electronic transfer at the instruction of Plaintiff’s vice president.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A communication by the sender canceling or amending a payment order is effective to cancel or amend the order if notice of the communication is received at a time and in a manner affording the receiving bank a reasonable opportunity to act on the communication before the bank accepts the payment order.
Consequently, resort to principles of law or equity outside of Article 4A is not appropriate to create rights, duties and liabilities inconsistent with those stated in this Article.View Full Point of Law
Issue. Whether the stop transfer order was effective to cancel the electronic funds transfer.
Held. The stop transfer order was ineffective to cancel the electronic funds transfer because the receiving bank had already accepted it.
Discussion. Dresdner Bank accepted the funds by crediting Hermatjou’s account. Dresdner’s acceptance occurred prior to Plaintiff’s request to stop the electronic transfer. Therefore the attempt to cancel the transfer was ineffective and Defendant cannot be held liable for failing to honor it.