Generally, appellate courts only review issues of law, not factual findings.
An appellate court must uphold a verdict supported by substantial evidence.
An appellate court cannot weigh evidence or pass on witness credibility.
An appellate court cannot disturb factual findings.
If clearly erroneous, a judge’s factual findings may be set aside.
Questions of witness credibility are solely in the trial court’s province.
Appellate courts have jurisdiction only if an error:
Involves a legal issue;
Appears in the trial record;
Affects a substantial right of the aggrieved party; and
Is preserved by prompt objection to a court’s ruling.
Error When an error neither prejudices a substantial right of the aggrieved party nor has a significant effect on a case’s outcome, courts will not reverse a judgment.