Brief Fact Summary. The District Court certified an order that refused to allow the Defendant, General Elec. Co. (Defendant), a pre-trial leave for discovery to sustain a defense.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Pre-trial appeal leaves should only be granted when adverse final trial judgments would not be appealable.
Issue. Whether an Appellate Court should grant a pre-trial leave to appeal issues that are appealable upon an adverse final judgment.
Held. No. Since the Defendant’s rights to this defense are not being taken away or prejudiced on any ultimate appeal by denial of the pre-trial appeal now sought, the Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court) believed that the ultimate disposition of these cases would be delayed rather than advanced by granting this application. Application denied.
Discussion. Pre-trial leave to appeal applications must be decided against the background of the entire case. If pre-trial discovery were allowed as to this issue, it could have developed into many full scale rate cases which would have dwarfed the time and testimony already put into the pre-trial proceedings.