Brief Fact Summary.
Black employees bring suit against a local union for race discrimination and the defendants attempt to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
Synopsis of Rule of Law.
A complaint is sufficient so long as the plaintiff sets forth an assertion upon which relief may be granted. Specific and detailed facts are not necessary to survive a motion to dismiss.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, in order to give the defendant fair notice of what the claim is and the grounds upon which it rests.View Full Point of Law
Local Union no. 28 of the Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks entered into an agreement with the Texas and New Orleans Railroad to fire 45 Black employees under the guise of a force layoff. However, Local 28 made an agreement with the Railroad to lay the Black employees off and hire white employees in their place. They would sometimes rehire the Black employees but with a reduction in seniority. Black employees requested Local 28 numerous times to help stop the discriminatory firings, but Local 28 did not provide any help. The evidence also showed that Local 28 would provide protection for white employees but not Black ones. Plaintiffs filed a class action suit represented by Conley brought suit against Defendants Local 28 and directors including Gibson alleging discrimination in violation of Plaintiffs’ right under the Railway Labor Act to fair representation.
Are general allegations without specific facts supporting them enough for a complaint to survive a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted?
Yes, general allegations without specific facts supporting them are enough for a complaint to survive a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Decision of the court of appeals is reversed and the case is remanded.