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Flores-Figueroa v. United States
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 556 U.S., 129 S. Ct. 1886, 173 L.Ed.2d 853 (2009) Brief Fact Summary. Flores-Figueroa (Flores) (D) was convicted of the predicate crimes of illegal entry into the U.S. without inspection and misusing immigration documents, and aggravated identity theft. He pleaded that he could not be convicted of the latter crime since the government (P) had not proved his knowledge that he was using someone else’s identification at the time of the crime. Synopsis of Rule of Law. If an individual is to be convicted of aggravat ...

Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 536 U.S. 639 (2002) Brief Fact Summary. The Cleveland public schools were performing badly, and in an effort to resolve this issue, the state of Ohio put into effect a school voucher plan under which parents could opt to enroll their children in private schools taking part in the program. Since a great majority of the private schools were affiliated to one or other religious group, Ohio taxpayers filed an action against the program pleading violation of the Establishment Clause. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A school voucher progra ...

Parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District Parents of unadmitted students (P) v. Public School district (D)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 551 U.S. 701 (2007) Synopsis of Rule of Law. Balancing racial composition between local high-school districts is not a strong government interest under the Equal Protection Clause. ...

New York Co. v. United States [The Pentagon Papers Case] News publisher (D) v. Federal government (P)
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 403 U.S. 713 (1971) Brief Fact Summary. The Government sought an injunction on the New York Times and the Washington Post to refrain from publishing the Pentagon Papers Synopsis of Rule of Law. The Court presumes any system of beforehand control laid on expression coming for judgment before it to be constitutionally invalid. ...

Boumediene v. Bush
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 553 U.S.723 Brief Fact Summary. Aliens classified as enemy combatants in custody at Guantanamo Bay request the court to determine whether they have the right to file a writ for habeas corpus, which is a constitutional privilege not revoked except if the Suspension Clause is in effect. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Aliens who are enemy combatants have the right to habeas corpus under the constitution, and the alternative procedures substituted by Congress were not sufficient or effective. ...

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 131 S. Ct. 2541 (2011) Brief Fact Summary. A small group of women who alleged discrimination on the basis of gender filed a suit against Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (D). The action was sought to be changed to a class action, with the certified class represented by the original small group of women who sued the company. This class was the largest ever class. Synopsis of Rule of Law. (1) The Federal Rules 23(a)(2) lays down a “commonality” criterion for class certification, under which more than one million women with a common employer will have to prove they were al ...

Gratz v. Bollinger
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 539 U.S. 244. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Admission criteria based on race must be narrowly tailored to achieve a compelling interest. Race may be considered in an individual assessment, but not as a sole or contributing factor for admission. ...

Cooper v. Aaron
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. ...

Hamdan v. Rumsfeld
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 548 U.S. 577. Brief Fact Summary.  Hamdan was charged with conspiracy to commit offences triable by a military commission and was granted Habeas Corpus to dispute this charge. Synopsis of Rule of Law. Prisoners of war may not be tried in military commissions that do not afford the rights prescribed in the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and the Geneva Conventions ...

Federal Election Comm’n v. Wisconsin Right to Life
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. 551 U.S. 449. Brief Fact Summary. The Wisconsin Right to Life group, ran ads during black-out periods (days when ads are not allowed) concerning political ideas, in violation of section 203 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA). Synopsis of Rule of Law.  In determining if there is a violation of the BCRA section 203 that prevents communications of the names of federal candidates, the court uses a substance in communication standard, rather than an intent-based standard. ...