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Chandler v. Miller

Law Dictionary
CASE BRIEFS

Law Dictionary

Featuring Black's Law Dictionary 2nd Ed.
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Criminal Procedure keyed to Israel

Citation. Chandler v. Miller, 520 U.S. 305, 117 S. Ct. 1295, 137 L. Ed. 2d 513, 1997 U.S. LEXIS 2505, 65 U.S.L.W. 4243, 145 A.L.R. Fed. 657, 12 I.E.R. Cas. (BNA) 1233, 97 Cal. Daily Op. Service 2723, 97 Daily Journal DAR 4831, 10 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 393 (U.S. Apr. 15, 1997)

Brief Fact Summary. Libertarian Party nominees challenged a Georgia statute requiring proof of urinalysis drug test to qualify for nomination to election.

Synopsis of Rule of Law. “Special need for drug testing must be substantial-important enough to override the individual’s acknowledged privacy interest, sufficiently vital to suppress the Fourth Amendment’s normal requirement of individualized suspicion.


Facts. Under a Georgia statute, a candidate must present a certificate from a state-approved laboratory showing that the candidate had a negative urinalysis drug test within 30 days prior to qualifying for nomination. Petitioners were candidates from the Libertarian Party, seeking injunctive and declaratory relief.

Issue. “[W]hether [a Georgia] requirement [that candidates take a drug test] ranks among the limited circumstances in which suspicionless searches are warranted.”

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