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Katzenbach v. Morgan

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Bloomberg Law

Citation. 384 U.S. 641,86 S. Ct. 1717,16 L. Ed. 2d 828,1966 U.S.

Brief Fact Summary. A law that ensured Puerto Ricans the right to vote upon successful completion of the sixth grade was upheld as a valid exercise of the powers of the United States Congress by means of Section:5 of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution).

Synopsis of Rule of Law. A federal law ensuring the right to vote upon successful completion of the sixth grade, despite a conflicting state law’s voting qualifications, is a valid exercise of the powers of the United States Congress by means of Section:5 of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution because Section:5 is a positive grant of power.


Facts. Section 4(e) of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (the Act) ensures the right to vote to all Puerto Ricans who successfully complete the sixth grade. The Appellees, Morgan and other registered voters in New York City (Appellees), brought this suit to challenge the constitutionality of Section:4(e) of the Act insofar as it pro tanto prohibits the enforcement of the election laws of New York requiring an ability to read and write English.

Issue. Whether such legislation is, as required by Section:5 of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution, appropriate to enforce equal protection?
Whether the congressional remedies adopted in Section:4(e) of the Act constitute means which are not prohibited by, but which are consistent with the constitution?

Content Type: Brief


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