Brief Fact Summary. A Virginia statute banning “improper solicitation of any legal or professional business” as applied to the NAACP was held unconstitutional because the NAACP uses litigation as a form of political expression.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution) protects vigorous advocacy of lawful ends against government intrusion.
Facts. Virginia enacted a statute that banned the “improper solicitation of any legal or professional business” and later amended it to include Chapter 33, which made the statute apply to organizations such as the NAACP. The NAACP was in the practice of meeting with parents of students that were discriminated against by Virginia public schools and supplying forms by which the parents could submit to have the NAACP litigate their claims. The Virginia’s highest court held that the Virginia branch of the NAACP was in violation of Chapter 33.
Issue. Whether Virginia’s statute violates the First Amendment of the Constitution?