Brief Fact Summary. The Arkansas State Constitution contained an amendment limiting the number of terms federal Congressional and Senatorial candidates from Arkansas could serve. The Arkansas Supreme Court held that the amendment was unconstitutional.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution) does not reserve rights for the States that were not within the original powers of the States.
Facts. An amendment to the Arkansas State Constitution prohibited an otherwise-eligible candidate for Congress from appearing on the election ballot, if that candidate had already served three terms in the House of Representatives or two in the Senate. The Arkansas Supreme Court held that the amendment was unconstitutional. The case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court (Supreme Court).
Issue. Can individual states add additional requirements for election to Congress other than those found in the Constitution?