Brief Fact Summary. Two Missouri physicians sued the state, charging that Missouri’s statute prohibiting Medicaid payments for abortions which are not “medically indicated” unconstitutionally interferes with the decision to terminate a pregnancy.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. The rule prohibiting third-party standing should not apply when the relationship of the litigant and the one whose rights he asserts is significantly close and where there is some obstacle to the first party bringing a suit on his own.
Facts. Two Missouri physicians sued the state, showing that they had provided abortions to Medicaid-eligible patients. The state had denied payment for these services on statutory grounds. The physicians stated that they would continue to perform such procedures and stood to be denied payments in the future.
Issue. Do the physicians have standing to bring the suit when the immediately affected are indigent women seeking abortions?