Brief Fact Summary. Sherbert (Petitioner) was denied unemployment benefits because she refused to work on Saturdays.
Synopsis of Rule of Law. A state may not deny unemployment benefits to a citizen because her religions convictions require an observance of a day of rest.
Facts. Petitioner was fired for refusing to work on Saturdays, the Sabbath of her religion. She later filed for unemployment because she unable to find a job that did not require Saturday work. Respondent determined that Petitioner was not eligible for benefits because of her Saturday restriction.
Issue. Is the state restraint on unemployment benefits constitutional?