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Reservations to the Convention on Genocide.
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J., Advisory Opinion, 1951 I.C.J. 15. Brief Fact Summary. Reservations to various provisions to the U.N. Conventions on Genocide were effected by several signatories’ states to it. Synopsis of Rule of Law. a reservation to the U.N. Convention on Genocide may be effected by a state and still be considered a signatory thereto. ...

Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J., 1977 I.C.J. 7 (1997) Brief Fact Summary. Hungary (D) asserted that the enforcement of a treaty with Slovakia (P) would not be possible because of changes in circumstances. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A vital change of circumstances must have been unforeseen and the existence of the circumstances at the time of the treaty’s conclusion must have constituted an essential basis of the consent of the parties to be bound by their agreement. ...

Austria v. Altmann
Content Type: Brief

View this case and other resources at: Citation. ...

Frontier Dispute Case (Burkina Faso/Mali)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J., 1986 I.C.J. 554. Brief Fact Summary. A declaration made by the Malian Head of State was interpreted to be a unilateral act. Synopsis of Rule of Law. states are bound by the terms of unilateral declarations made by head of state only when the intention confers on the declaration, the character of a legal undertaking. ...

Tecnicas Medioambientales Tacmed S.A.(“Tecmed”) v. Mexico
Content Type: Brief

Citation. Int’l Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF)/00/2, Award, 43 I.L.M. 133 (2004). Brief Fact Summary. A suit was filed against Mexico (D) by Technicas Medioambientales Tecmed S.A. (Claimant) (P) a Spanish company, on the premise that its investment in Tecmed, Technicas Medioambientales de Mexico, S.A, a Mexican company, which also owned Cytrar, S.A. de C.V. (Cytrar) a Mexican company too, was expropriated by Mexico (D) by refusing to renew Cytrar’s annual license to run a hazardous industrial waste landfill (the “Landfill”). ...

reference Re Secession of Quebec
Content Type: Brief

Citation. Sup. Ct. of Canada 2 S.C.R. 217. 37 I.L.M. 1340 (1998) Brief Fact Summary. Quebec attempted to secede from Canada. Synopsis of Rule of Law. The right of a people to self-determination cannot be said to ground a right to unilateral secession. ...

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia & Montenegro v. United Kingdom)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J. 2004 I.C.J 1307 Brief Fact Summary. a claim against various NATO states (D) including the United Kingdom (D) was brought before the International Court of Justice by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (F.R.Y.) (P) in 1999. The I.C.J. first considered the issue of jurisdiction. Synopsis of Rule of Law. the legal position of a state within the United Nations must be determined and clearly defined by the competent organs of the United Nations. ...

Fireman’s Fund Insurance Co. v. Mexico
Content Type: Brief

Citation. Int’l Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF)/02/1 Award, July 17, 2006. Brief Fact Summary. An arbitration against Mexico (D) for the expropriation of its property was sought by Fireman’s Fund Insurance Company (Fireman’s Fund) (P), a U.S. insurance company which owned debentures issued by a Mexican financial services company. Synopsis of Rule of Law. A taking (which includes destruction) that is permanent and either de jure or de facto, direct or indirect, in the form of a single measure or several measure over time, tangible ...

Eritrea Ethiopia Claims Commission, Partial Awards, Civilian Claims, Eritrea’s Claim 15, 16, 23 & 27-32
Content Type: Brief

Citation. 44 I.L.M. 601 (2005) Brief Fact Summary. nationals who voted for the creation of an independent state of Eritrea (P) were denationalized by Ethiopia (D). This action was challenged by Eritrea. Synopsis of Rule of Law. persons whose second nationality is that of an enemy state may in time of war be denationalized by another state, provided denationalization is not arbitrary. ...

Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium)
Content Type: Brief

Citation. I.C.J. 2002 I.C.J. 3. Brief Fact Summary. Belgium’s (D) international arrest warrant against the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (D.R.C.) (P) foreign minister was contended by the D.R.C. (P) on the ground that the arrest contravened international law by purporting to exercise jurisdiction over another state’s foreign minister and an order of provisional measures of protection on the ground that the warrant effectively prevented the foreign minister from leaving the D.R.C. (P) was sought by the defendant Synopsis of Rule of Law. Where a foreign minister i ...